The Divergence of a vector field is a measure of the net flow of the flux around a given point. It is a basic term and used in many terminologies of Electromagnetics. This article defines the divergence of a vector …

Close Surface is a fundamental term. It is necessary to understand it thoroughly for studying many terms in Electromagnetics. This article defines the closed surface and its significance. What is open surface or normal surface? We know that any surface …

The gradient of a Scalar field is a common operation in the Electromagnetics. This article highlights the fundamental Gradient Properties that are unavoidable for the learner. The Gradient of a Scalar Field In the last few articles, I have discussed …

Gradient term is frequently used in the Electromagnetics. Its sound understanding is needed to reach Maxwell’s equations. This article presents a simple intuitive gradient example for better understanding. What is the Gradient of a Scalar Field? In simple words, the …

Gradient Operator (∇) is a mathematical operator used with the scalar function to represent the gradient operation. This article discusses the representation of the Gradient Operator in different coordinate systems i.e. Cartesian, Cylindrical and Spherical. What is the Gradient? The …

Gradient calculus is frequently used in Electromagnetic Theory. Particularly, it is significant while understanding the relation between Electric Field and Potential. This article discusses the detailed definition of the Gradient in Electromagnetics. A formal definition of the Gradient The Gradient …

Volume Integration is one of the important mathematical tools that are used in Electromagnetics. This article discusses its definition and interpretation as in Electromagnetism. Almost every Science/Engineering pupil is aware of the integration. Formally in Mathematics, the integration is interpreted as …

Surface Integration is one of the useful mathematical tools that are used in Electromagnetics. In this article let us overview the surface integration along with its interpretations. The term integration is known to almost every Science/Engineering pupil. Formally in Mathematics, the …

Preparing Electromagnetics GATE is considered as one of the tough-tasks by most of the GATE aspirants. Well, it might be. But with proper strategic planning and hard work, Electromagnetics can be turned out to be the most scoring subject. This …

GATE 2019 is Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE); an examination conducted jointly by the IISc and seven IITs on behalf of MHRD, Govt. of India for the admission of various Post Graduate (M.E., M. Tech., M.S.) and Doctoral programs in …