Del operator is a vector differential operator which has a significant role in Electromagnetics for finding Gradient, Divergence, Curl and Laplacian. This article discusses its definition and significance. The Del Operator Definition for Cartesian Coordinates In very simple words, it …

Scalar field and Vector field are basic concepts whose proper understanding is necessary for the study of Electromagnetics. This article explains their definitions and difference. What do we mean by field? In general, the word “Field” is synonym for “Function” …

Divergence theorem, in simple language, connects the surface and volume integrations for the close surface. This article explains the Divergence Theorem Proof intuitively. What is Divergence Theorem? It states that the total outward flux of vector field say A, through the closed …

Stokes’ Theorem broadly connects the line integration and surface integration in case of the closed line. It is one of the important terms for deriving Maxwell’s equations in Electromagnetics. What is the Curl? Before starting the Stokes’ Theorem, one must …

Curl of a vector field can be considered as the whirling nature of the vector field at a given point. This article consists of an intuitive Curl example to explain the idea thoroughly. The Curl of the Vector field What …

Curl of a vector field is one of the basic operations in the study of Electromagnetics. This article discusses the representation of the curl formula in different coordinate systems viz. Cartesian, Cylindrical and Spherical. What is the curl of a …

The curl of the vector field is one of the basic operations that are used in the study of Electromagnetics. This article explains the derivation for the Curl formula in brief. What is the Curl of a vector field? The …

Curl operation on the vector fields is often necessary for the study of Electromagnetics to find the circulation of the given field along a certain path. This article elaborates the basic definition. A formal definition of the Curl It is …

Close Line or Close Path is one of the fundamental terms of an Engineering study. Its proper intuition is necessary to understand many terms in the Electromagnetics. This article defines the close line and its significance. What is a normal …

Gradient and Divergence operations are quite common in the field of Electromagnetics. This article states the meaning of Gradient and Divergence highlighting the difference between them. What is the Gradient? Technically the Gradient of the scalar function/field is a vector …